Learn Physical Chemistry with Advanced Physical Chemistry by Gurdeep Raj: Free Book Download and Review
Advanced Physical Chemistry by Gurdeep Raj: A Comprehensive Guide for Students and Teachers
Physical chemistry is the branch of chemistry that deals with the relationship between the structure, composition, behavior and properties of matter at the molecular level. It combines the principles of physics, mathematics, chemistry and biology to explain phenomena such as thermodynamics, kinetics, spectroscopy, electrochemistry, surface chemistry, colloids, phase transitions, quantum mechanics and more.
Advanced Physical Chemistry by Gurdeep Raj is a book that covers all these topics in a systematic, rigorous and comprehensive manner. It is designed for students who are pursuing undergraduate or postgraduate courses in physical chemistry, as well as for teachers who want to update their knowledge and skills in this field. The book provides clear explanations, examples, exercises, tables, figures, diagrams, illustrations, references and appendices to help the readers understand the concepts and applications of physical chemistry.
In this article, we will give an overview of the main topics covered in the book, along with some highlights and key points. We will also provide some tips on how to use the book effectively for learning or teaching physical chemistry.
Chemical thermodynamics is the study of the interconversion of heat and work in chemical processes. It deals with the concepts of energy, enthalpy, entropy, free energy, equilibrium, spontaneity and thermodynamic potentials.
Thermochemistry: Heat and work in chemical reactions
Thermochemistry is the branch of thermodynamics that deals with the heat changes that accompany chemical reactions. It involves the calculation of the heat of reaction, the heat of formation, the heat of combustion, the heat of solution, the heat of fusion, the heat of vaporization and other related quantities. The book explains how to use the law of conservation of energy, the first law of thermodynamics, the Hess's law, the Kirchhoff's law and the standard enthalpies of formation to determine these quantities.
Statistical thermodynamics: Molecular distribution and entropy
Statistical thermodynamics is the branch of thermodynamics that deals with the molecular interpretation of thermodynamic laws and properties. It involves the calculation of the molecular distribution, the partition function, the entropy, the free energy and other related quantities. The book explains how to use the Boltzmann distribution, the Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution, the Fermi-Dirac distribution, the Bose-Einstein distribution, the Sackur-Tetrode equation, the Gibbs paradox and the third law of thermodynamics to determine these quantities.
Wave Mechanics and Spectroscopy
Wave mechanics is the branch of physics that deals with the wave-like nature of matter at the atomic and subatomic level. It involves the solution of the Schrödinger equation, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, the wave-particle duality, the quantum numbers, the orbital shapes and other related concepts. Spectroscopy is the branch of physics that deals with the interaction of electromagnetic radiation with matter. It involves the analysis of the emission and absorption spectra of atoms and molecules, as well as their rotational, vibrational and electronic transitions.
Atomic spectra: Hydrogen atom and multielectron atoms
Atomic spectra are the spectra produced by atoms when they are excited by an external source of energy, such as heat or light. They consist of a series of discrete lines that correspond to the transitions between different energy levels of electrons in atoms. The book explains how to use the Bohr model, the quantum mechanical model, the Pauli exclusion principle, the Aufbau principle, the Hund's rule and the periodic table to understand and predict the atomic spectra of hydrogen atom and multielectron atoms.
Molecular spectra: Rotational, vibrational and electronic transitions
Molecular spectra are the spectra produced by molecules when they are excited by an external source of energy, such as heat or light. They consist of a series of bands that correspond to the transitions between different energy levels of rotation, vibration and electronic motion in molecules. The book explains how to use the rigid rotor model, the harmonic oscillator model, the anharmonic oscillator model, the Morse potential, the Franck-Condon principle, the selection rules and other related concepts to understand and predict the molecular spectra of diatomic and polyatomic molecules.
Colloid Science and Phase Rule
Colloid science is the branch of chemistry that deals with systems that consist of two or more phases that are finely dispersed in each other. It involves the study of colloids, which are substances that have particles with sizes between 1 nm and 1000 nm. Colloids can be classified into different types based on the nature and interaction of their dispersed phase and continuous phase. Phase rule is a rule that relates the number of phases (P), components (C) and degrees of freedom (F) in a system at equilibrium. It is given by F = C - P + 2 for a system at constant temperature and pressure.
Definition and classification of colloids
A colloid is a system that consists of two or more phases that are finely dispersed in each other. The phase that is dispersed in another phase is called the dispersed phase or colloid phase. The phase in which another phase is dispersed is called the continuous phase or dispersion medium. Colloids can be classified into different types based on the nature and interaction of their dispersed phase and continuous phase. Some examples are: - Sol: A colloid in which a solid is dispersed in a liquid (e.g., paint). - Gel: A colloid in which a liquid is dispersed in a solid (e.g., jelly). - Emulsion: A colloid in which a liquid is dispersed in another liquid (e.g., milk). - Foam: A colloid in which a gas is dispersed in a liquid or solid (e.g., whipped cream). - Aeros 71b2f0854b